Food Security Roles


When we look at fish, do we see biodiversity or food? 


Small-scale fisheries and aquaculture are recognized as important opportunities to enhance household food security, especially in tropical majority countries. In coastal countries, seafood accounts for up to 70% of protein intake and is an essential source of vitamins, fats, and minerals. While interventions aiming at promoting these activities reveal many positive effects, their direct and indirect impacts on nutritional status have not yet been fully documented.


Objective: to identify more specifically the potential pathways that exist between fish-related livelihoods (small-scale fisheries and fish farming) and household nutritional security.

Đây là những con sò điệp rất là tươi sống nó được chế biến BBQ hành mở hoạt xào mì là rất ngon.

These are very fresh scallops that can be made with BBQ onions and fried with noodles.

- Phụng

Artisanal Fisherman & Water Sports Instructor

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Fish are rich in essential nutrients such as, vitamin A, calcium, iron and zinc. 

Direct nutritional contribution from fish consumption

In theory, households improve their own nutritional intakes by eating some fish they capture or farm.

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When households gain income from the sale of fish, families increase their purchasing power and are able to access other foods and to improve their overall dietary intake. 

Income earned from the sale of seafood

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Through their involvement

in aquaculture or fisheries-related activities (fish processing and trading), women enhance their

economic control over  household incomes and tend to improve their 

family's nutritional security.

Degree women 

exercise control over family income


Kawarazuka, N., & Béné, C. (2010). Linking small-scale fisheries and aquaculture to household nutritional security: an overview. Food Security, 2(4), 343–357. doi: 10.1007/s12571-010-0079-y